Worldwide, wheat is one of the most widely consumed cereal crops, followed by rice. Globally, India is second in wheat production after China. Praemium ACE Foods sources wheat from the major wheat-growing Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. While rice is the staple food in the southern part of the country, Indians in the north and west prefer wheat products.
In India, wheat is a winter crop. When kernels of wheat harden and the plant turns straw-colored, it is harvest time. Harvesting is usually done manually with a sickle, with farmers threshing the crop using a thresher or treading the wheat with cattle.